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The standard library reference definition is shown as follows:
[ L.L. ocularis, < L. oculus, eye: cf. eye, also < in -, in, and oculus, eye, also < in -, and oculatus, protect, inoculate, also < in -, in, and oculare, growth, bud ]
The medieval pheeriod is generally considered to be that era from the year 1000 to 1500, although some scholar's are want to vary these dates. This period is also termed by some to be the Middle Ages. Manuscripts or books of this period were, in the main, hand scribed as printing for all real purpose was not realized in Europe until 1457 with the introduction of movable type by Johann Gutenburg.
Great Fire of London:
On September 1st, 1666, a small fire broke out at John Farynor's bakery in Pudding Lane. The flames quickly spread and soon the blaze became so intense that in just four days the inferno would destroy almost half of the city. In all some four hundred and fifty acres were burnt bare, but London would rise from the ashes as a great new metropolis.
In the year 1665 The Black Death, that had already ravaged Europe, spread westward and crossed the English Channel to decimate the inhabitants of London. Some 70.000 souls, almost half the population of the city, would perish before the epidemic finally abated.
Great, Great Grandfather:
Johannes Van dar Lippen, the elder, had set out from Antwerp in the autumn of 1575. He led a small group of fearful travelers in search of safety and a new life in London. In sight of the English coast the crew of their vessel set upon the group and pitched them overboard. He was not one of the few that survived to shore but it was his off spring that now carried the remnants of his book.
It is thought that the textbook was originally more a collection of letters, notes or suggestions contained within a folio or folder rather than in a bound book as we would know it today. These writings would have been collected over time from various sources and as printing had not yet become commonplace, thus there would be several different styles of script.
Matins, Lauds and at Vespers:
These are three of the Old Latin terms for the seven devotional periods of the canonical day. They relate, in today's language, to early morning, during the day and at night. These terms are still in daily use in many establishments where holy orders are celebrated.
Four Line Phrase:
Quite common for the period is a simple phrase or stanza that can be easily remembered. In particular this would be a rhyming quatrain though in this interpretation the lines are uncoupled.
foundling research for this present interpretation was formulated as an
adjunct to a study of the rebuilding of The City of London following the
Great Fire. Journal and newspaper reports of the period gave light to the
influx of foreign workers involved in this project and their cultural
anomalies. Further inquiry followed the Flemish immigrants to their
homeland and the City of Bruges, which was in the medieval period a major
trade center. Trace investigation has followed scriptoria and printed
works, both incunabula and after, most notably in London, Mainz and
Venice, which was the pre-eminent publishing center of the period. It
should be noted that although printing had reached a high standard by the
time of the Great Fire, this was not the case at the time of the original
emigration of the Flemish. This was an oral society in the flux of rapid
change, greatly prone to myth over matter and thus documentation of the
period is incomplete. Therefore, attribution is not shown although it is
hoped that with a new awareness of the volume a concise bibliography may
be completed. Please contact the author at the link shown on the contact
page for further information.